当谈到2018年的薪酬时，对科技专业人士来说，这个消息还是相当不错的:IT专业人士可以要求更高额的薪水了。这份来自于《2018年Robert Half IT薪酬指南》的统计数据表明:“有44%的CIOs表示，他们错过了顶级人才，因为这些人正在寻求能够提供的更高的薪水的公司。”

从经济学的角度，供给和需求的规律意味着稀缺推高了价格。最顶尖的IT人才当然是稀缺的——这并不奇怪，因为对于当今的企业来说，技术是至关重要的。从Robert Half的报告中可以看到:“技术工人的持续短缺不仅仅给许多雇主带来不便——它很快将成为一个严重的商业问题。”

也就是说，IT专业人士不要害怕要求更高的薪酬和福利待遇，因为知识渊博的技术工人有这个权力。

在人才紧缺的情况下，雇主们依靠短期顾问来快速完成项目。但这种策略到目前为止还不是最佳方案。吝啬的企业主也意识到他们需要持续的帮助。特虽是当基础设施突然出现小故障，临时需要帮助时，会向谁求助?

*Source: Robert Half Technology*

**2018年IT行业工资:上升趋势**

根据《Robert Half 技术指南》称，哪些会成为2018年的热门职位呢？BI分析师、数据科学家、数据库开发人员、开发人员、DevOps工程师、网络管理员、安全专业人员和系统管理员。

高居榜首的是大数据工作。年轻人可以考虑一下这个工作，稀缺的职位保证你可能一辈子都不会失业。

*Source: Robert Half Technology*

**谈到薪水，下面两点值得注意**

在你看下面由Robert Half Technology提供的IT工资之前，请了解以下两点对薪水的影响:

1）Robert Half前几年就改变了只是列出薪水范围的方式，只是简单地从低到高的列出一个工作的工资范围。今年，他们则倾向于列举工作经验，经验越多薪水越高。为了使今年的数字与去年有关，下面列出了从占比百分数第25 (重要的，高度相关的经验)到第95 (比典型经验更丰富的经验)范围内的工资。此外，Robert Half不再计算从去年的工资中增加/减少的百分比，所以本文将不会提供。

2）地域对薪酬水平有很大影响。例如，在美国，同样的IT工作，达拉斯比平均水平多支付10%，而在埃尔帕索则减少了28%，在阿克伦少了11%，在波士顿多了34%。薪酬最高的区域是旧金山，比平均水平高出40%，在纽约最高的地方比平均水平高出40.5%。所以，在你提出薪资要求之前，先考虑一下地理因素。

**2018年不同职位IT人员工资: **

**首席技术官(CTO)**

**2018年平均工资范围:14.5万至24.8万美元。**

• The 2017 salary was a 3.3% increase over this job's 2016 salary range, which was $147,500 – $229,000.

• The 2016 salary was a 5.2% increase over this job's 2015 salary range, which was $137,500 – $220,250.

• The 2015 salary was a 5.8% increase over this job's 2014 salary range, which was $132,250 – $205,750.

• The 2014 salary was a 5.3% increase over this job's 2013 salary range, which was $125,500 – $195,500.

• The 2013 salary was a 3.9% increase over this job's 2012 salary range, which was $120,750 – $188,250.

• The 2012 salary range was a 3.6% increase over this job’s 2011 salary range, which was $116,500 – $181,750.

• The 2011 salary range was a 4.3% increase of over this job’s 2010 salary range, which was $111,750 – $174,250.

• The 2010 salary range was a 0.9% increase over this job’s 2009 salary range, which was $110,250 – $173,250.

• The 2009 salary range was a 4% increase over this job’s 2008 salary range, which was $107,250 – $165,250.

• The 2008 salary range was a 5.2% increase over this job’s 2007 salary range, which was $101,000 – $157,750.

**开发者/程序员分析师**

**2018年平均工资范围:8.6750万 - 14.6万美元。**

• The 2017 salary range was an increase of 4.3% over this job’s 2016 salary range, which was $80,000 – $137,000.

• The 2016 salary range was an increase of 6.8% over this job’s 2015 salary range, which was $74,250 – $129,000.

• The 2015 salary range was an increase of 5.9% over this job’s 2014 salary range, which was $69,250 – $122,750.

• The 2014 salary range was an increase of 7.1% over this job’s 2013 salary range, which was $64,750 – $114,500.

• The 2013 salary range was an increase of 6.5% over this job’s 2012 salary range, which was $60,750 – $107,500.

• The 2012 salary range was an increase of 5.2% over this job’s 2011 salary range, which was $57,750 – $102,250.

• The 2011 salary range was an increase of 2.4% over this job’s 2010 salary range, which was $57,000 – $99,250.

• The 2010 salary range was a decrease of 2.8% under this job’s 2009 salary range, which was $60,000 – $100,750.

• The 2009 salary range was an increase of 4.2% over this job’s 2008 salary range, which was $57,500 – $96,750.

• The 2008 salary range was an increase of 6.0% over this job’s 2007 salary range, which was $55,250 – $90,750.

• The 2006 salary range was an increase of 4.6% over this job’s 2005 salary range, which was $52,500 – $83,250.

Add a salary increase for a number of related programming skills.

**高级应用程序开发人员**

**2018年平均工资范围:$ 10.3万- $ 17.225万。**

• The 2017 salary range was an increase of 3.9% over this job’s 2015 range, which was $110,750 – $160,750.

• The 2016 salary range was an increase of 6.7% over this job’s 2015 range, which was $106,250 – $148,250.

• The 2015 salary range was an increase of 7.2% over this job’s 2014 range, which was $99,750 – $137,750.

• The 2014 salary range was an increase of 6% over this job’s 2013 range, which was $94,000 – $130,000.

• The 2013 salary range was an increase of 5.3% over this job’s 2012 range, which was $89,250 – $123,500.

• The 2012 salary range was an increase of 5.1% over this job’s 2011 range, which was $85,000 – $117,500.

• The 2011 salary range was an increase of 4.7% over this job’s 2010 range, which was $81,500 – $112,000.

• The 2011 salary range was an increase of 4.7% over this job’s 2010 range, which was $81,500 – $112,000.

• The 2010 salary range was a decrease of 1.4% under this job’s 2009 range, which was $83,250 – $113,000.

• The 2009 salary range was an increase of 4.2% over this job’s 2008 salary range, which was $80,250 – $108,000.

Add a salary increase for a number of related programming skills.

**移动应用程序开发人员**

**2018年平均工资:11.875万 - 19.975万美元。**

• The 2017 salary range was an increase of 3.4% over this job’s 2016 salary range, which was $115,250 – $175,750.

• The 2016 salary range was an increase of 8.2% over this job’s 2015 salary range, which was $107,500 – $161,500.

• The 2015 salary range was an increase of 10.2% over this job’s 2014 salary range, which was $100,000 – $144,000.

• The 2014 salary range was an increase of 7.8% over this job’s 2013 salary range, which was $92,750 – $133,500.

• The 2013 salary range was an increase of 9% over this job’s 2012 salary range, which was $85,000 – $122,500.

• The 2012 salary range was an increase of 9.1% over this job’s 2011 salary range, which was $78,000 – $112,250.

**系统管理员**

**2018年平均工资范围：6.725万—11.35万美元。**

• The 2017 salary range was an increase of 3.4% over this job’s 2016 salary range, which was $67,500 – $107,500.

• The 2016 salary range was an increase of 5.3% over this job’s 2015 salary range, which was $65,750 – $100,500.

• The 2015 salary range was an increase of 4.7% over this job’s 2014 salary range, which was $62,250 – $96,500.

• The 2014 salary range was an increase of 4.4% over this job’s 2013 salary range, which was $59,500 – $92,500.

• The 2013 salary range was an increase of 5.7% over this job’s 2012 salary range, which was $56,250 – $87,500.

• The 2012 salary range was an increase of 5.5% over this job’s 2011 salary range, which was $53,250 – $83,000.

• The 2011 salary range was an increase of 3.6% over this job’s 2010 salary range, which was $51,250 – $80,250.

• The 2010 salary range was a decrease of 2.8% under this job’s 2009 salary range, which was $52,750 – $82,500.

• The 2009 salary range was an increase of 3.6% over this job’s 2008 salary range, which was $51,750 – $78,750.

Add a salary increase for a number of related programming skills.

**数据库经理**

**2018年平均工资范围:10.7万至18万美元。**

• The 2017 salary range was an increase of 3.7% over this job’s 2016 salary range, which was $118,000 – $170,500.

• The 2016 salary range was an increase of 5.9% over this job’s 2015 salary range, which was $112,250 – $160,250.

• The 2015 salary range was an increase of 6.1% over this job’s 2014 salary range, which was $107,750 – $149,000.

• The 2014 salary range was an increase of 5.9% over this job’s 2013 salary range, which was $101,750 – $140,750.

• The 2013 salary range was an increase of 5.4% over this job’s 2012 salary range, which was $96,500 – $133,500.

• The 2012 salary range was an increase of 4.3% over this job’s 2011 salary range, which was $92,500 – $128,000.

• The 2011 salary range was an increase of 3.8% over this job’s 2010 salary range, which was $90,000 – $122,500.

• The 2010 salary range was a 2.5% decrease under this job’s 2009 salary range, which was $91,500 – $126,500.

• The 2009 salary range was an increase of 3.1% over this job’s 2008 salary range, which was $88,750 – $122,750.

• The 2008 salary range was an increase of 5.4% over this job’s 2007 salary range, which was $84,750 – $116,000.

• The 2007 salary range was an increase of 2.6% over this job’s 2006 salary range, which was $81,250 – $110,250.

Add a salary increase for a number of related database skills.

**网页开发者**

**2018年平均工资范围:8.25万至13.9万美元。**

• The 2017 salary range was an increase of 4.9% over this job’s 2016 salary range, which was $78,500 – $129,500.

• The 2016 salary range was an increase of 6.4% over this job’s 2015 salary range, which was $73,500 – $122,000.

• The 2015 salary range was an increase of 6.5% over this job’s 2014 salary range, which was $70,000 – $113,500.

• The 2014 salary range was an increase of 6.5% over this job’s 2013 salary range, which was $65,750 – $106,500.

• The 2013 salary range was an increase of 7.3% over this job’s 2012 salary range, which was $61,250 – $99,250.

• The 2012 salary range was an increase of 5.4% over this job’s 2011 salary range, which was $58,000 – $94,250.

• The 2011 salary range was an increase of 4.6% over this job’s 2010 salary range, which was $57,500 – $88,000.

• The 2010 salary range was a decrease of 2.8% under this job’s 2009 salary range, which was $60,000 – $89,750.

• The 2009 salary range was an increase of 4.4% over this job’s 2008 salary range, which was $57,250 – $86,250.

Add a salary increase for a number of related programming skills.

**网络工程师**

**2018年平均工资:9万- 15.175万美元。**

• The 2017 salary range was an increase of 4.5% over this job’s 2016 salary range, which was $96,000 – $138,750.

• The 2016 salary range was an increase of 5.7% over this job’s 2015 salary range, which was $90,750 – $131,250.

• The 2015 salary range was an increase of 5.5% over this job’s 2014 salary range, which was $86,250 – $124,250.

• The 2014 salary range was an increase of 6.9% over this job’s 2013 salary range, which was $80,750 – $116,250.

• The 2013 salary range was an increase of 7.8% over this job’s 2012 salary range, which was $75,000 – $107,750.

• The 2012 salary range was an increase of 5.8% over this job’s 2011 salary range, which was $71,000 – $101,750.

• The 2011 salary range was an increase of 3% over this job’s 2010 salary range, which was $69,250 – $98,500.

• The 2010 salary range was an increase of 0.3% over this job’s 2009 salary range, which was $69,750 – $97,500.

• The 2009 salary range was an increase of 4.0% over this job’s 2008 salary range, which was $67,250 – $93,500.

• The 2008 salary range was an increase of 3% over this job’s 2007 salary range, which was $65,750 – $90,250.

• The 2007 salary range was an increase of 3.3% over this job’s 2006 salary range, which was $61,250 – $88,250.

Add a salary increase for a number of related networking skills.

**项目经理/高级顾问**

**2018年平均工资范围:9.6万—16.2万美元。**

• The 2017 salary range was an increase of 3.6% over this job’s 2016 salary range, which was $100,750 – $154,250.

• The 2016 salary range was an increase of 4.9% over this job’s 2015 salary range, which was $98,750 – $144,250.

• The 2015 salary range was an increase of 5.7% over this job’s 2014 salary range, which was $94,500 – $135,500.

• The 2014 salary range was an increase of 6.1% over this job’s 2013 salary range, which was $89,000 – $127,750.

• The 2013 salary range was an increase of 5.0% over this job’s 2012 salary range, which was $84,750 – $121,750.

• The 2013 salary range was an increase of 5.0% over this job’s 2012 salary range, which was $84,750 – $121,750.

• The 2012 salary range was an increase of 4.0% over this job’s 2011 salary range, which was $81,500 – $117,000.

• The 2011 salary range was an increase of 2.8% over this job’s 2010 salary range, which was $79,500 – $113,500.

• The 2010 salary range was an increase of 0.5% over this job’s 2009 salary range, which was $79,750 – $112,250.

• The 2009 salary range was an increase of 3.1% over this job’s 2008 salary range, which was $76,500 – $111,500.

• The 2008 salary range was an increase of 5% over this job’s 2007 salary range, which was $72,750 – $106,250.

**系统安全管理员**

**2018年平均工资范围：9.275万 - 15.6万美元。**

• The 2017 salary range was an increase of 5.1% over this job’s 2016 salary range, which was $105,500 – $149,500.

• The 2016 salary range was an increase of 6.1% over this job’s 2015 salary range, which was $100,000 – $140,250.

• The 2015 salary range was an increase of 6.0% over this job’s 2014 salary range, which was $95,250 – $131,500.

• The 2014 salary range was an increase of 6.3% over this job’s 2013 salary range, which was $89,500 – $123,750.

• The 2013 salary range was an increase of 5.0% over this job’s 2012 salary range, which was $85,250 – $117,750.

• The 2012 salary range was an increase of 4.6% over this job’s 2011 salary range, which was $81,500 – $112,500.

• The 2011 salary range was an increase of 4% over this job’s 2010 salary range, which was $78,250 – $108,250.

• The 2010 salary range was an increase of 0.3% over this job’s 2009 salary range, which was $78,000 – $108,000.

• The 2009 salary range was an increase of 5.1% over this job’s 2008 salary range, which was $73,500 – $103,500.

• The 2008 salary range was an increase of 4% over this job’s 2007 salary range, which was $70,500 – $99,750.

• The 2007 salary range was an increase of 3.9% over this job’s 2006 salary range, which was $67,500 – $92,750.

Add a salary increase for a number of related security skills.

**帮助台经理**

**2018年平均工资范围:80,750 - 136,000美元。**

• The 2017 salary range was an increase of 2.9% over this job’s 2016 salary range, which was $84,500 – $121,000.

• The 2016 salary range was an increase of 5.2% over this job’s 2015 salary range, which was $80,500 – $114,750.

• The 2015 salary range was an increase of 5.3% over this job’s 2014 salary range, which was $76,500 – $109,000.

• The 2014 salary range was an increase of 5.1% over this job’s 2013 salary range, which was $72,750 – $103,750.

• The 2013 salary range was an increase of 4.0% over this job’s 2012 salary range, which was $70,000 – $99,750.

• The 2012 salary range was an increase of 3.0% over this job’s 2011 salary range, which was $68,000 – $96,750.

• The 2011 salary range was an increase of 3.5% over this job’s 2010 salary range, which was $66,500 – $92,750.

• The 2010 salary range was a decrease of 2.2% under this job’s 2009 salary range, which was $68,000 – $94,750.

• The 2009 salary range was an increase of 3.5% over this job’s 2008 salary range, which was $65,250 – $92,000.

• The 2008 salary range was an increase of 4.3% over this job’s 2007 salary range, which was $62,500 – $88,250.

• The 2007 salary range was an increase of 2.8% over this job’s 2006 salary range, which was $59,000 – $85,500.

Add a salary increase for a number of related technical skills.

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